They were introduced about two hundred years ago. The currently accepted division into weight categories among amateurs and professionals diverges somewhat. Lovers have 12 categories, professionals have 17 (before there were even more: 18). This is due to the desire of promoters to attract as many gifted lightweight boxers from Asia and South America to the professional ring as possible. Continue reading
VICTORY IN THE FIGHT.
The following outcomes are possible in a boxing match: a clear victory (knockout), a technical knockout, a victory on points, a victory behind a clear advantage, a technical victory on points, a refusal of one of the participants to continue the fight, disqualification or non-appearance of one of the opponents. A draw is also possible (for amateurs – only in the framework of bilateral friendly team meetings) and the “no decision” option. Continue reading
BOXING (eng. “Boxing”, from “box” – “beat with a fist, box”), a kind of martial arts, fisticuffs according to certain rules on a special platform (ring). Compliance with the rules monitors the judge in the ring – the referee. The fights are in full contact. Boxers perform in special gloves; protective equipment is also used to minimize injuries. The course of the fight is necessarily observed by a doctor. Continue reading
martial art created after World War II on the basis of Japanese karate and traditional Korean martial arts. In 1994, Taekwondo became an Olympic sport and in 2000 it was included in the program of the Olympic Games. The main difference between taekwondo and karate is the predominance of kicks; in sports taekwondo, about 70% of the blows are done with the feet and only 30% with the hands. Continue reading
Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The first reliable information about sumo competitions dates back to 642 AD, when, at the direction of the emperor, a feast was held at the court in honor of the Korean ambassador. Most of the ancient rites associated with sumo have survived to the present. Continue reading