The origin and development of wrestling
Freestyle wrestling in the international arena began to be cultivated later Greco-Roman. England is considered her homeland, where already in the XVIII century fights were held, reminiscent of the fights…

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KARATE
KARATE, karate-do, a kind of Japanese martial art, a system of defense and attack without weapons. Unlike other martial arts in Japan (sumo, ju-jitsu, judo, aikido), which involve wrestling, holding…

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THAI BOXING
THAI BOXING (Muay Thai), the martial art of Thailand. One of the meanings of the word “thai” is free, therefore the name of this martial art can also be translated…

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JUDO IN RUSSIA

The founder of domestic judo is Vasily Sergeevich Oschepkov (1892–1937). He was born on South Sakhalin, which after the Russo-Japanese War was torn away from Russia in favor of Japan. Involuntarily becoming a subject of the Japanese emperor, Oshchepkov moved to Kyoto, where he studied in the Russian colony. October 29, 1911 was admitted to the famous Institute of Kodokan-judo, June 15, 1913 he was awarded the 1st dan. Oshchepkov was the first Russian and fourth foreigner to receive a master’s degree. On October 4, 1917, Oshchepkov was awarded the 2nd dan, and soon he created his own judo school in Vladivostok. After the establishment of Soviet power in the Far East, Oshchepkov taught the first Soviet militiamen and security officers the basics of battle, while he also served in the headquarters of the Siberian Military District. He was constantly sent abroad, where he did not miss the chance to replenish his arsenal of receptions. Oshchepkov analyzed and supplemented the judo arsenal with techniques from national types of hand-to-hand combat and gradually developed a system that later became known as “sambo”. The term “judo did not suit the governing apparatus of the USSR, and they forgot about it for a long time. In the USSR, judo was discussed only in the early 1960s, when the first world and European championships in this sport began to be held. The USSR Judo Federation was created in 1962 – in the year of the first European Championship. At the 1964 Olympics, the Soviet judo team was formed of sambo athletes who won four bronze medals (A. Bogolyubov, O. Stepanov, A. Kiknadze, P. Chikviladze). The first gold Olympic medal was brought to the Soviet team by Shota Chochishvili in 1972 at the Olympics in Munich. Then in Montreal in 1976 Sergey Novikov and Vladimir Nevzorov became Olympic champions, and in 1980 in Moscow – Nikolai Solodukhin and Shota Khabareli. In Barcelona in 1992, already playing for the CIS team, David Khakhaleshvili and Nazim Huseynov won Olympic gold. Great successes Soviet and Russian athletes achieved by speaking at the World and European Championships. The winners and prize-winners of these competitions are B. Mishchenko, A. Tsyupachenko, G. Verichev, S. Kosorotov, H. Tletseri, N. Ozhegin, S. Kosmynin, B. Varaev and others. At present, the Russian judo school is considered one of the strongest in the world.

HISTORY OF SAMBO (part 2)
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATIONS. In 1984, the International Amateur Sambo Federation - FIAS was created (in 2001 it was renamed the World Sambo Federation - VFS). Its first president was the Spaniard…

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FURTHER FORMATION OF THE FIGHT AS A SPORT. FROM THE FRENCH TO THE GREECE-ROMAN FIGHT
Despite the fact that the church did not encourage sports, struggle for many centuries remained a favorite folk entertainment in many countries. The development of modern wrestling began in the…

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PREPARATION IN AIKIDO
The suit for aikido classes consists of a cotton jacket, pants and a belt. The color of the belt, just like in judo and karate, determines the level of aikido…

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SAMBO (part 1)
SAMBO (from "self-defense without weapons"), a type of combat sports, as well as an integrated system of self-defense. It is divided into two types: sports sambo and combat. Sports sambo…

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