TECHNIQUE, PREPARATION AND FIGHTS IN MUAI-THAI.
Muay Thai is considered one of the toughest martial arts. His technique allows for equally successful combat at long, medium and close range. But the most dangerous Muay Thai fighters in the middle range and in close combat. “Elbow defeats the fist, and the knee defeats the leg” – says one of the basic principles of Thai boxing. It is in close combat that the knees and elbows represent the greatest danger to the enemy. Another “proprietary” technique of Muay Thai is a lowik (a circular hit with a shin on the hips). In general, using as a shock surface not lifting the foot (as in most other martial arts), but the lower leg is one of the characteristic features of Muay Thai. For the “stuffing” of the lower leg, special exercises have been developed: blows on the trunks of palm trees, sandbags, “knurling” with a faceted stick – followed by processing of the lower leg with special ointments. After such a “stuffing”, a Muay Thai fighter can break a baseball bat with a kick. With the help of the lower leg, the opponent’s lowki are also blocked. In Thai boxing, much attention is also paid to “stuffing” the body, stretching, and developing endurance.
The technique of hands in Muay Thai outwardly resembles the technique of “European” boxing, but is very diverse.
Unlike other martial arts, there are no formal complexes in Thai boxing (such as kata in karate), but there are so-called “three-step movements” (yang saam khum) – short ligaments consisting of basic movements that are during training brought to automatism. Most of the combinations and techniques used in Thai boxing have been known since the time when this art was called “plow”. In total, such basic combinations are 30:15 main (mae may) and 15 additional (onions may).
In Muay Thai, there are two styles. Muay lac (lit. “hard fight”) is now rare. Previously, this style was common in villages. Muay lacquer is a solid, stable position of a fighter, a powerful defense, slow movements. Actions are built on counterattacks, the battle is mainly fought at close range. Muay Kieu (lit. “dandy fight”) is built on feints, withdrawals, deceptive movements, the fighter is constantly moving. At the same time, the specifics of Muay Kieu are not reflected in any way on the stiffness of the battle.
The art of working with weapons in Muay Thai is called “crab-krabong” (swords and sticks) and was formed primarily on the basis of Indian, Chinese and Japanese methods of warfare. The first crab school, crabong, opened in the 14th century, – the buddhai-shroud – still functions. The traditional weapon of the Thais – daab – is a heavy two-handed sword of medium length and is used as a single and twin weapon. Muay Thai combat arsenal also includes: Ngou halberd, Thuan spear, many sticks and daggers, as well as throwing knives, Thanu bow and Naa May crossbow.
The fight in Muay Thai is preceded by a Ram Muay dance. This is not only a tribute to the ancient tradition, but also a kind of physical workout, as well as the psychological preparation of the fighter before the fight. (According to the performance of ram-muay, you can determine which school he belongs to and which technique he prefers). Before the fight, the rivals meditate. The duel is held to the traditional Wye Kru music, which sets the rhythm of the battle. It is believed that the sounds of instruments are endowed with magical properties.
In Europe and America, Wye Kru and Ram Muay are not required. Eurotybox (or thai-kickboxing) differs from the classical Muay Thai and the rules: it prohibits elbow punches in the head, long grabs, and in some cases, knees. Such an adapted version of Muay Thai over time has become one of the seven areas of kickboxing. In addition, in Europe and America, almost no attention is paid to working with weapons.
The uniform of the Thai boxer is sports shorts, a ritual headband (during the fight it is given to the trainer) and boxing gloves. Previously, mollusk shells were used for protection, now standard inguinal shells were used.