FIGHT IN PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA
The development of modern struggle in Russia began at the end of the 19th century. Until the 80s she was fond of only single enthusiasts. In 1885, on the initiative…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 1)
MARTIAL ARTS, various martial arts and self-defense systems of predominantly East Asian origin; developed mainly as a means of conducting hand-to-hand combat. Currently practiced in many countries around the world…

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BOXING (part 3)
WEIGHT CATEGORIES. They were introduced about two hundred years ago. The currently accepted division into weight categories among amateurs and professionals diverges somewhat. Lovers have 12 categories, professionals have 17…

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SCORING

Points are awarded to wrestlers for performing tricks, counters, combinations and defenses:

– A fighter receives one point for transferring an opponent to the ground;

– Two points are awarded for turning the opponent’s shoulders so that his back is at an acute angle to the carpet. This qualifies as a “dangerous situation.” The next point can be awarded if the opponent is held in this position for 5 seconds, which the referee counts;

– The opponent’s transfer to the ground and to the “dangerous position” is assessed at three points in one go;

– Five points “worth” throwing an opponent in the air and other similar tricks. Five points are awarded for a high-amplitude throw, in which the center of gravity of the thrower is higher than the center of gravity of the thrower.

RULES FOR THE FIGHTING.
In Greco-Roman wrestling, the athlete must accompany the opponent when he falls on the carpet;

– In both the free and Greco-Roman wrestling, the “scissors” lock is forbidden when the legs cross around the opponent’s neck;

– If one of the wrestlers steps into the restricted area, the fight stops and then resumes in the center of the carpet;

– Wrestlers are forbidden to pull each other by hair, ears, genitals, pinching, biting, applying any blows, attacking the eyes, crushing with an elbow or knee in the abdomen, grabbing and holding clothes, and also talking during a fight;

– During the fight, there must be a doctor on duty who is empowered to stop the fight if the health of any of the athletes is in danger;

– A fighter who makes obvious violations or commits cruel acts is immediately disqualified;

– Capture and counterattack that began in the center of the carpet are considered valid, wherever they are completed;

– The wrestler is guilty of passivity if he fails to attempt an effective capture or if he constantly, in any form, leaves the active struggle;

– The second warning for forbidden seizure, for example, twisting the arms by more than 90 degrees, applying “locks” with your hands on the forearms, grabbing the opponent’s head or neck with two hands, is penalized with a point in favor of the opponent;

– For violation of the rules, the athlete is punished with penalty points.

The wrestler may appeal the official results of the match in writing within 30 minutes after the end of the bout. If the protest is accepted and the jury of appeal supports the protest, a second fight is held.

Compliance with the rules of the fight, the appearance and equipment of athletes is monitored by a team of referees who also record the score in a duel. The composition of the team includes: the referee (judge on the carpet), side referee, head of the carpet. The time clock is monitored by the timekeeper.

BOXING (part 4)
AGE AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS. In amateur boxing, there are age restrictions. Athletes no younger than 17 and no older than 34 years old can take part in international competitions held…

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Wrestling in the USSR
Freestyle wrestling began to develop in our country much later than classical. It gained distribution, first of all, in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, since the national types of wrestling cultivated…

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KICKBOXING (part 2)
RULES AND COMPETITIONS. In the beginning, kickboxing rules did not exist as such. Any punches and kicks, sweeps, steps, grabs and throws were allowed. There was also no division into…

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HISTORY OF SPORTS FIGHT
There are several theories about the origin of wrestling as part of human culture. In some, wrestling is seen as an element of a religious cult (see below the “bear…

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