PREPARATION OF Wrestlers
Fights fights are fleeting. To win the duel, good speed and strength qualities, endurance to muscle loads with a large difference in intensity are necessary. A skilled wrestler is distinguished by the ability to rationally act in three modes of muscle work: overcoming, inferior and retentive, and to alternate extreme muscle loads with relaxation.
As in all types of martial arts, breath control is of great importance in the fight. Therefore, a lot of time is devoted to running training for wrestlers: running 5, 10 or more kilometers and sprint distances, running in a torn rhythm, shuttle running.
A lot depends on the flexibility, which the wrestler has to show in both static and dynamic modes of muscle work. It is necessary to have elastic and “strong” lymphatic and blood vessels, joints and ligaments.
Acrobatic skills and excellent coordination of movements, which are performed in three planes and, as a rule, have complex trajectories and various amplitudes, are extremely important for a wrestler. During the match, athletes often have to change captures and positions.
A special place in the wrestler’s arsenal is occupied by special techniques that allow to bring an opponent out of balance and at the same time maintain stability at different positions of the body and completely unexpected situations on the carpet.
The wrestler also needs an instant reaction, the ability to concentrate and distribute his attention correctly, keep the initiative, accurately evaluate and predict the situation on the carpet, make the right decisions in a timely manner, minimizing the opponent’s advantages. The ability of an athlete to lure an opponent into a “trap” with a variety of techniques is also important.
All these skills are developed using general physical and special exercises, acrobatics, and various games. For example, the so-called wrestling basketball is popular among Russian wrestlers – basketball according to the rules of rugby. And in Turkey, to develop common wrestling skills, as well as dexterity, strength and speed, “oil wrestling” is practiced: athletes fight naked, lubricating the body with oil.