KICKBOXING (from the English. “Kick” – kick and “boxing” – boxing), a sport based on martial arts: karate, taekwondo, Muay Thai (Thai boxing), Wushu and English boxing. According to the rules of classic kickboxing, the fight is in full contact at all levels, i.e. blows are applied in full force to the head and to the body with both hands and feet. The most effective kicks, borrowed from martial arts, in combination with the boxing technique of hands make kickboxing a balanced and universal system. Boxing skills associated with working in the head, and the ability to attack the enemy from long and medium distances allow kickboxers to successfully confront representatives of any martial arts practicing shock technique. The specifics of full contact fights require special physical and psychological training from the athlete.
The idea of full contact fights is not new in itself. For example, in France there is a martial arts related to kickboxing – Savat, or French boxing. But, unlike kickboxing, French boxing does not have such popularity in the world, although it is known outside of France.
The homeland of kickboxing is the United States. There, in the late 1960s – early 1970s, full contact battles began to take place. Around the same time, the term kickboxing itself appeared (its invention is attributed to multiple world kickboxing champion Chuck Norris). By the time kickboxing was born in America, there were quite a lot of schools and martial arts styles: karate, taekwondo, wushu, etc. But since each of the martial arts has its own rules for conducting fights, the idea arose to hold competitions according to such rules that they could perform representatives of various martial arts. These competitions were called “All Style Karate”, or “Full Contact Karate”. (In this case, the word “karate” was used as a general concept meaning all martial arts. Many famous kickboxing masters began their sports careers in other martial arts: Chuck Norris – in Korean martial arts, Don “Dragon” Wilson – in Wushu, etc. ) For the first time, the official Full Contact Karate competition (in four weight categories) was held in September 1974. The winners were Mexican I. Duenas and Americans J. Luis, J. Smith and B. Wallace, nicknamed “Superfoot”. From that moment, similar competitions began to be held regularly: first in the USA, and then in other countries.
Hollywood films with the participation of former kickboxers, such as Chuck Norris, Benny Urkides nicknamed “Reactive”, Don “Dragon” Wilson and others, have largely contributed to the popularization of kickboxing around the world.
In modern kickboxing, there are seven main areas: light contact (light contact), seven-contact (medium contact), full contact (full contact), fights according to the rules allowing a low-kick (circular hit with a shin on the hips), tie kickboxing, as well as the recently appeared so-called solo compositions (pre-prepared combinations of strokes and techniques, performed to music and reminiscent of kata in karate) and kickboxing based aerobics.
The immediate plans of amateur kickboxing organizations include joining the International Olympic Committee and obtaining the status of an Olympic sport.