INTERNATIONAL AMATEUR FIGHT FEDERATION
In 1912 an international committee was created to organize wrestling competitions. In 1921, the committee was transformed into the International Amateur Wrestling Federation - FILA. Today, FILA, uniting representatives of…

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AIKIDO
AIKIDO, a type of Japanese martial art created from several jujitsu schools; literally - the path ("before") harmony ("ah") of vital energy ("ki"). Aikido differs from other martial arts in…

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ABOUT PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR STATUS IN SPORTS FIGHT
It is known that already in the IV century BC Macedonians and Romans had professional wrestlers who received remuneration for participating in sports. Nevertheless, the question of whom to consider…

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PREPARATION IN AIKIDO

The suit for aikido classes consists of a cotton jacket, pants and a belt. The color of the belt, just like in judo and karate, determines the level of aikido mastery. All masters above the first dan must additionally wear a traditional Japanese skirt-pants (hakama) in black. Unlike other types of wrestling, the atmosphere in the dojo, where Aikido practitioners train, is rather “soft” than “strict”. She is filled with peace of mind, mutual goodwill, spared the elements of aggression and hatred. Important, however, are attention, concentration, and conscious discipline. The effectiveness of the techniques depends on the precise interaction of many small elements. Much attention in the preparation of an aikidoist is given to the ability to fall from various positions, since the aikido technique is mainly based on throws reinforced by painful techniques. Aikido techniques are usually practiced in pairs. A large place is given to autogenic training and exercises for mental relaxation.

In Aikido organizations that follow the traditions of Aikikai, competitions are not held. Followers of classic aikido motivate this by the fact that in aikido there is no offensive technique. All techniques are learned and polished based on the concept of defense.

AIKIDO IN RUSSIA.
In Russia, there are many organizations and federations of aikido, which are represented in various international associations. The largest such association in the world is still Aikikai, in which Russian Aikido organizations also participate.

By resolution No. 1 / 13a of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for Physical Culture and Tourism dated August 18, 1995, Aikido was included in the list of sports “for introduction into the state program of physical education for the population and recommended for development in the Russian Federation”.

SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part3)
GENERAL PROVISIONS. Competitions in the Slavic-Goritsky wrestling are held in all these styles - with the exception of the breast - according to approximately similar rules. (In flexible rebuilding fights…

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CAPOEIRA
CAPOEIRA, a type of martial art. The birthplace of capoeira is Brazil. A distinctive feature of capoeira is the abundance of the most complex acrobatic elements, deceptive movements, dives, withdrawals,…

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BOXING (part 4)
AGE AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS. In amateur boxing, there are age restrictions. Athletes no younger than 17 and no older than 34 years old can take part in international competitions held…

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FIGHT IN ANCIENTITY
The most ancient of the currently known images of wrestlers date back to 6–4 millennium BC. e. - to the culture of the South Mesopotamia (the territory of modern Iraq).…

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