ABOUT PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR STATUS IN SPORTS FIGHT
It is known that already in the IV century BC Macedonians and Romans had professional wrestlers who received remuneration for participating in sports. Nevertheless, the question of whom to consider…

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FIGHT IN ANCIENTITY
The most ancient of the currently known images of wrestlers date back to 6–4 millennium BC. e. - to the culture of the South Mesopotamia (the territory of modern Iraq).…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 2)
SUMO. Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The…

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PREPARATION IN AIKIDO

The suit for aikido classes consists of a cotton jacket, pants and a belt. The color of the belt, just like in judo and karate, determines the level of aikido mastery. All masters above the first dan must additionally wear a traditional Japanese skirt-pants (hakama) in black. Unlike other types of wrestling, the atmosphere in the dojo, where Aikido practitioners train, is rather “soft” than “strict”. She is filled with peace of mind, mutual goodwill, spared the elements of aggression and hatred. Important, however, are attention, concentration, and conscious discipline. The effectiveness of the techniques depends on the precise interaction of many small elements. Much attention in the preparation of an aikidoist is given to the ability to fall from various positions, since the aikido technique is mainly based on throws reinforced by painful techniques. Aikido techniques are usually practiced in pairs. A large place is given to autogenic training and exercises for mental relaxation.

In Aikido organizations that follow the traditions of Aikikai, competitions are not held. Followers of classic aikido motivate this by the fact that in aikido there is no offensive technique. All techniques are learned and polished based on the concept of defense.

AIKIDO IN RUSSIA.
In Russia, there are many organizations and federations of aikido, which are represented in various international associations. The largest such association in the world is still Aikikai, in which Russian Aikido organizations also participate.

By resolution No. 1 / 13a of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for Physical Culture and Tourism dated August 18, 1995, Aikido was included in the list of sports “for introduction into the state program of physical education for the population and recommended for development in the Russian Federation”.

KICKBOXING (part 2)
RULES AND COMPETITIONS. In the beginning, kickboxing rules did not exist as such. Any punches and kicks, sweeps, steps, grabs and throws were allowed. There was also no division into…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part3)
GENERAL PROVISIONS. Competitions in the Slavic-Goritsky wrestling are held in all these styles - with the exception of the breast - according to approximately similar rules. (In flexible rebuilding fights…

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BOXING (part 2)
VICTORY IN THE FIGHT. The following outcomes are possible in a boxing match: a clear victory (knockout), a technical knockout, a victory on points, a victory behind a clear advantage,…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 1)
MARTIAL ARTS, various martial arts and self-defense systems of predominantly East Asian origin; developed mainly as a means of conducting hand-to-hand combat. Currently practiced in many countries around the world…

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