FIGHT
FIGHT, one of the oldest sports, martial arts of two athletes according to certain rules with the help of special techniques. Unlike martial arts, in which percussion technique is allowed,…

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FIGHT IN ANCIENT RUSSIA
In Russia, wrestling has always been popular. Along with fist fights, it was both entertainment and a vital necessity: wars in Russia practically did not stop. The fight also had…

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JUDO
JUDO (the "soft way"), one of the most famous Japanese martial arts, based mainly on grabs, creases and throws. Unlike most Western types of wrestling that rely on the wrestler’s…

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REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUIPMENT AND APPEARANCE OF THE WRESTLER

Before the bout (before weighing), the judge without fail checks the nails on the hands of athletes: they must be cut short. The presence of bristles on the face is not allowed: the wrestler must have either a neat mature beard, or he must be smoothly shaved on the day of the competition. The hair should be cut short or, at the request of the referee, tied back.

The wrestler’s equipment consists of leotards, swimming trunks, special shoes and a handkerchief. The scarf should be tucked in tights. This rule has been preserved since when scarves were used to wipe saliva, blood, and sweat. Now for these purposes various antiseptic sprays, plasters and so on are used. funds, but, nevertheless, the old rule has been strictly observed so far.

Wrestlers should not sweat on the carpet. It is forbidden to lubricate the body with any grease. In addition, wrestlers at the time of the fight should not wear anything that could cause injury to the athlete or his opponent: rings, earrings, bracelets, etc.

COMPETITION FORMULA AND WEIGHT CATEGORIES.
At the first Olympic Games of modern times in Athens in 1896, the division into weight categories among wrestlers was absent. Then they were introduced, after which the division into weight categories changed more than once – in Greco-Roman and free-style wrestling.

Regular amendments were made before the Olympic Games in Sydney. Instead of 8 categories in Greco-Roman and 10 in freestyle wrestling, competitions were held in 7 weight categories: up to 54, up to 58, up to 63, up to 76, up to 85, up to 97 and up to 130 kg. Each weight category included 20 athletes: eight who won the top places at the 1999 World Championship (in the Olympic year the world championship is not played), seven of the best wrestlers in the series of international Grand Prix, and five more – in the results of regional tournaments in Europe, Asia, Oceania, Africa and America. (Usually, the host country of the Games receives seats in the Olympic tournament automatically, but this rule was also changed before the 2000 Games).

The formula for holding the Olympic wrestling tournament has also changed: 20 wrestlers in each weight category were divided into 6 pools in random order, and not into pairs, as it was before. Each athlete met with the fighters of his pool. The winners of two pools of 4 fighters went to the semifinals, and the winners of four pools of 3 fighters fought in the quarter finals. The winners of the semi-finals played gold and silver medals among themselves, and the losers fought for the “bronze”.

However, these “Olympic” innovations were not the last. Since January 1, 2002, the weight categories in Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling for adult sportsmen (no younger than 20 years old) look somewhat different: up to 55, up to 60, up to 66, up to 74, up to 84, up to 96 and up to 120 kg. In addition, the world championships and continental championships have a different pool system: the number of athletes in the pool depends on the total number of participants in a particular weight category.

BOXING (part 1)
BOXING (eng. “Boxing”, from “box” - “beat with a fist, box”), a kind of martial arts, fisticuffs according to certain rules on a special platform (ring). Compliance with the rules…

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SPORTS FIGHT IN MODERN RUSSIA
In 1993, the Russian Wrestling Federation was created, uniting freestyle and Greco-Roman style wrestlers. The Federation includes sports organizations of almost 80 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. President of…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 2)
SUMO. Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The…

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Wrestling in the USSR
Freestyle wrestling began to develop in our country much later than classical. It gained distribution, first of all, in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia, since the national types of wrestling cultivated…

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