BOXING (part 4)
AGE AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS. In amateur boxing, there are age restrictions. Athletes no younger than 17 and no older than 34 years old can take part in international competitions held…

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CAPOEIRA TODAY
Modern capoeira, in the form in which it was presented to a wide audience, consists of two main styles: Angola and regional. Angola is characterized by slow, “viscous” movements that…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 2)
SUMO. Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The…

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The origin and development of wrestling

Freestyle wrestling in the international arena began to be cultivated later Greco-Roman. England is considered her homeland, where already in the XVIII century fights were held, reminiscent of the fights of modern wrestlers. Over time, this struggle was brought to the United States, where it gained immense popularity. In America, wrestling, cultivated primarily in colleges and universities, began to develop in two directions: as free-style wrestling according to international rules and professional wrestling – wrestling. In addition to the United States, freestyle wrestling was most widespread in the countries of Asia and the Middle East, while in Europe, “classics” were clearly preferred.

At the beginning of the XX century, the rules for conducting freestyle wrestling competitions were approved. In 1904, she – at the insistence of the owners of the next Olympics – was included in the program of the Games in St. Louis (USA). Only Americans (nearly forty people) participated in the Olympic wrestling tournament, and, naturally, they got all the medals. However, a start has been made. With the exception of the 1912 Games in Stockholm, freestyle wrestling is invariably included in the Olympic program. The USA is traditionally strong in this sport: from 1904 to the present, they have won more than one hundred Olympic medals – more than any other country. It is noteworthy that in our country this style of struggle until the end of the 40s. last century and was called: “free American wrestling.” Over time, Soviet athletes, as well as wrestlers from Iran, Turkey and Bulgaria, made decent competition to the Americans, after the collapse of the USSR, Russian and Georgian wrestlers.

European freestyle wrestling championships have been held since 1928, and world championships since 1951. At present, both the world and European championships are played out annually, however, the World Championship is not held in the year of the Olympic Games.

KARATE
KARATE, karate-do, a kind of Japanese martial art, a system of defense and attack without weapons. Unlike other martial arts in Japan (sumo, ju-jitsu, judo, aikido), which involve wrestling, holding…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part3)
GENERAL PROVISIONS. Competitions in the Slavic-Goritsky wrestling are held in all these styles - with the exception of the breast - according to approximately similar rules. (In flexible rebuilding fights…

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JUDO IN RUSSIA
The founder of domestic judo is Vasily Sergeevich Oschepkov (1892–1937). He was born on South Sakhalin, which after the Russo-Japanese War was torn away from Russia in favor of Japan.…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 2)
SUMO. Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The…

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