FIGHT IN ANCIENT RUSSIA
In Russia, wrestling has always been popular. Along with fist fights, it was both entertainment and a vital necessity: wars in Russia practically did not stop. The fight also had…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 1)
MARTIAL ARTS, various martial arts and self-defense systems of predominantly East Asian origin; developed mainly as a means of conducting hand-to-hand combat. Currently practiced in many countries around the world…

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FIGHT IN ANCIENTITY
The most ancient of the currently known images of wrestlers date back to 6–4 millennium BC. e. - to the culture of the South Mesopotamia (the territory of modern Iraq).…

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FURTHER FORMATION OF THE FIGHT AS A SPORT. FROM THE FRENCH TO THE GREECE-ROMAN FIGHT

Despite the fact that the church did not encourage sports, struggle for many centuries remained a favorite folk entertainment in many countries. The development of modern wrestling began in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. France becomes the center of its development, where they were keen on wrestling both in villages and cities. It was in France that the traditions and principles of Greco-Roman wrestling were “reconstructed”, and the techniques used in various types of wrestling fights developed into a single system.Classical struggle as a style was formed in the middle of the 19th century. Competitions of wrestlers, causing great public interest, were held in traveling circuses, summer gardens and traditional places of festivities. Over time, the championships of individual cities began to be played, the national championship of France, later international competitions began to be held.

In the 40s. XIX century in Paris, the first arenas appeared, which were professional wrestlers. The first rules for the competition of wrestlers were developed. Wrestlers from other countries come to France: Germany, Italy, Turkey, Russia, etc. to take part in competitions, as well as get acquainted with the organization and rules of wrestling tournaments. Very soon, the French struggle gained international recognition.

In 1896, it was included in the program of the first Olympic Games – under the name “Greco-Roman wrestling”, which was to give it an international character and emphasize the continuity of the sports traditions of antiquity. (In the 20th century, the French wrestling was called classical, in 1991 the name “Greco-Roman wrestling” was reintroduced into official use.) In the first Olympic Games, only five wrestlers competed in the only weight category: two Greeks, a German, a Hungarian and an Englishman. The victory was won by the German Karl Schumann. Since then – with the exception of the 1900 Olympics in Paris and the 1904th in St. Louis – Greco-Roman wrestling has invariably been included in the program of the Olympic Games.

In 1898, Vienna hosted the first European Greco-Roman wrestling championship. The World Championship was first played after the First World War – in 1921, and the World Cup – in 1956. Before World War II, classic wrestlers from Finland, Estonia, Sweden, Germany, Hungary and Turkey were more successful than others, and after the war – Germans, Poles, Finns and Hungarians. Over time, athletes from the USSR (now Russia and Ukraine) and Bulgaria entered the wrestling elite.

HISTORY OF SAMBO (part 1)
ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF SAMBO. Sambo is based on the techniques and technical elements of many national types of wrestling of the peoples of the USSR (Uzbek kurash, Georgian chidaoba,…

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HISTORY OF SPORTS FIGHT
There are several theories about the origin of wrestling as part of human culture. In some, wrestling is seen as an element of a religious cult (see below the “bear…

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PASSIVE WRESTLING
In order to stimulate the active actions of wrestlers, a rule was introduced at the time according to which athletes were punished with penalty points for passive wrestling. Currently, this…

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HISTORY OF SPORTS FIGHT
There are several theories about the origin of wrestling as part of human culture. In some, wrestling is seen as an element of a religious cult (see below the “bear…

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