DEVELOPMENT OF THE CLASSICAL FIGHT DURING THE SOVIET PERIOD
In 1924, the country's first classic wrestling championship was held - according to the new rules adopted in the USSR. Competitions were held in Kiev with the participation of 41…

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AIKIDO
AIKIDO, a type of Japanese martial art created from several jujitsu schools; literally - the path ("before") harmony ("ah") of vital energy ("ki"). Aikido differs from other martial arts in…

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PASSIVE WRESTLING
In order to stimulate the active actions of wrestlers, a rule was introduced at the time according to which athletes were punished with penalty points for passive wrestling. Currently, this…

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FURTHER FORMATION OF THE FIGHT AS A SPORT. FROM THE FRENCH TO THE GREECE-ROMAN FIGHT

Despite the fact that the church did not encourage sports, struggle for many centuries remained a favorite folk entertainment in many countries. The development of modern wrestling began in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. France becomes the center of its development, where they were keen on wrestling both in villages and cities. It was in France that the traditions and principles of Greco-Roman wrestling were “reconstructed”, and the techniques used in various types of wrestling fights developed into a single system.Classical struggle as a style was formed in the middle of the 19th century. Competitions of wrestlers, causing great public interest, were held in traveling circuses, summer gardens and traditional places of festivities. Over time, the championships of individual cities began to be played, the national championship of France, later international competitions began to be held.

In the 40s. XIX century in Paris, the first arenas appeared, which were professional wrestlers. The first rules for the competition of wrestlers were developed. Wrestlers from other countries come to France: Germany, Italy, Turkey, Russia, etc. to take part in competitions, as well as get acquainted with the organization and rules of wrestling tournaments. Very soon, the French struggle gained international recognition.

In 1896, it was included in the program of the first Olympic Games – under the name “Greco-Roman wrestling”, which was to give it an international character and emphasize the continuity of the sports traditions of antiquity. (In the 20th century, the French wrestling was called classical, in 1991 the name “Greco-Roman wrestling” was reintroduced into official use.) In the first Olympic Games, only five wrestlers competed in the only weight category: two Greeks, a German, a Hungarian and an Englishman. The victory was won by the German Karl Schumann. Since then – with the exception of the 1900 Olympics in Paris and the 1904th in St. Louis – Greco-Roman wrestling has invariably been included in the program of the Olympic Games.

In 1898, Vienna hosted the first European Greco-Roman wrestling championship. The World Championship was first played after the First World War – in 1921, and the World Cup – in 1956. Before World War II, classic wrestlers from Finland, Estonia, Sweden, Germany, Hungary and Turkey were more successful than others, and after the war – Germans, Poles, Finns and Hungarians. Over time, athletes from the USSR (now Russia and Ukraine) and Bulgaria entered the wrestling elite.

MARTIAL ARTS OF KOREA
Taekwondo martial art created after World War II on the basis of Japanese karate and traditional Korean martial arts. In 1994, Taekwondo became an Olympic sport and in 2000 it…

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REQUIREMENTS FOR EQUIPMENT AND APPEARANCE OF THE WRESTLER
Before the bout (before weighing), the judge without fail checks the nails on the hands of athletes: they must be cut short. The presence of bristles on the face is…

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PREPARATION OF Wrestlers
Fights fights are fleeting. To win the duel, good speed and strength qualities, endurance to muscle loads with a large difference in intensity are necessary. A skilled wrestler is distinguished…

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BOXING (part 4)
AGE AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS. In amateur boxing, there are age restrictions. Athletes no younger than 17 and no older than 34 years old can take part in international competitions held…

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