FROM THE HISTORY OF THE SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT
The origin of the Slavic martial arts schools dates back to about the 3rd – 2nd centuries. BC e. In Russia, fighting traditions have a long history. At the same…

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FURTHER FORMATION OF THE FIGHT AS A SPORT. FROM THE FRENCH TO THE GREECE-ROMAN FIGHT
Despite the fact that the church did not encourage sports, struggle for many centuries remained a favorite folk entertainment in many countries. The development of modern wrestling began in the…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part 2)
BASIC STYLES. Radogora - a style of hand combat, which incorporates the technical and tactical achievements of the schools of the Slavic-Goritsky struggle and other Russian fighting styles. Hemline is…

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KICKBOXING (part 2)

RULES AND COMPETITIONS.
In the beginning, kickboxing rules did not exist as such. Any punches and kicks, sweeps, steps, grabs and throws were allowed. There was also no division into weight categories. Gradually, with the development of kickboxing, clear rules were formed, according to which throws, grabs, as well as blows with elbows and knees were prohibited. The so-called “Rule of 8 strokes” (currently the “Rule of 6 strokes”) was introduced, according to which the athlete must inflict at least eight (six) kicks in one round. The appearance of this rule is due to the fact that many boxers, having switched to kickboxing, did not work at all with their feet, which, according to the organizers of the competition, contradicted the essence of the new sport and significantly reduced its entertainment. In modern kickboxing, weight categories have been introduced: from ultralight to heavyweight.

Currently, kickboxing competitions are held by several organizations, including the founder of such events – the International Federation of Professional Karate (VPKO), created in 1968. Over time, kickboxing has been divided into amateurs and professionals. The activities of professionals are regulated by organizations such as PKA (Professional Karate Association) and CKA (World Karate Association). The largest of the kickboxing organizations is WACO (World Association of Kickboxing Organizations). Now it consists of representative organizations from 89 countries. VAKO conducts competitions both among amateurs and professionals. Amateur World Championships are held every two years, as are European Championships. In both cases, the champion is determined by the Olympic system. Competitions of kickboxers-professionals are held according to an arbitrary “chronological scheme”, according to the rating system, adopted also in professional boxing. The athlete must conduct several rating fights. Depending on the number of fights and victories won, he receives an appropriate rating. A fighter with a high rating is declared a contender for the title of world champion in his weight category (according to the organization conducting the championship). Then a fight is held between the challenger and the current champion. If the applicant wins, he is declared the new world champion.

Special equipment was developed for kickboxing: gloves on the hands, shields on the legs, protectors on the feet (feet), helmet, mouth guards, and for kickboxers-girls also special protectors on the chest. (The gloves used in kickboxing were originally leather pads that left the athlete’s fingers free, which allowed for grabs and throws, but with the introduction of the prohibition, standard boxing gloves began to be used.) In amateur kickboxing, the use of protective equipment is mandatory. In professional kickboxer fights, only gloves, inguinal shells and mouth guards are required. They basically do not use helmets, and the “protection” for the legs is used by mutual agreement of the participants in the fight.

Kickboxing fights are held in the boxing ring. Men perform naked to the waist: in shorts or special pants, girls in T-shirts and shorts. Amateur fights are held in three rounds of two minutes. Rating fights of professionals, as a rule, last 6–8 rounds (two minutes each), fights for the champion title – 12 rounds.

MARTIAL ARTS (part 2)
SUMO. Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The…

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HAKWONDO
HAKWONDO (Taekwondo), a modern Korean martial art created in the 1950s based on Japanese karate and traditional Korean martial arts. The main difference from karate is a large number of…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part5)
Blade fight. It starts from the position of the connected knives in the arms of the rivals stretched forward by the command of the field judge: "Kon!" The judge must…

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The origin and development of wrestling
Freestyle wrestling in the international arena began to be cultivated later Greco-Roman. England is considered her homeland, where already in the XVIII century fights were held, reminiscent of the fights…

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