FIGHT IN ANCIENT RUSSIA
In Russia, wrestling has always been popular. Along with fist fights, it was both entertainment and a vital necessity: wars in Russia practically did not stop. The fight also had…

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SAMBO (part 1)
SAMBO (from "self-defense without weapons"), a type of combat sports, as well as an integrated system of self-defense. It is divided into two types: sports sambo and combat. Sports sambo…

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FIGHT IN PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA
The development of modern struggle in Russia began at the end of the 19th century. Until the 80s she was fond of only single enthusiasts. In 1885, on the initiative…

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KICKBOXING (part 2)

RULES AND COMPETITIONS.
In the beginning, kickboxing rules did not exist as such. Any punches and kicks, sweeps, steps, grabs and throws were allowed. There was also no division into weight categories. Gradually, with the development of kickboxing, clear rules were formed, according to which throws, grabs, as well as blows with elbows and knees were prohibited. The so-called “Rule of 8 strokes” (currently the “Rule of 6 strokes”) was introduced, according to which the athlete must inflict at least eight (six) kicks in one round. The appearance of this rule is due to the fact that many boxers, having switched to kickboxing, did not work at all with their feet, which, according to the organizers of the competition, contradicted the essence of the new sport and significantly reduced its entertainment. In modern kickboxing, weight categories have been introduced: from ultralight to heavyweight.

Currently, kickboxing competitions are held by several organizations, including the founder of such events – the International Federation of Professional Karate (VPKO), created in 1968. Over time, kickboxing has been divided into amateurs and professionals. The activities of professionals are regulated by organizations such as PKA (Professional Karate Association) and CKA (World Karate Association). The largest of the kickboxing organizations is WACO (World Association of Kickboxing Organizations). Now it consists of representative organizations from 89 countries. VAKO conducts competitions both among amateurs and professionals. Amateur World Championships are held every two years, as are European Championships. In both cases, the champion is determined by the Olympic system. Competitions of kickboxers-professionals are held according to an arbitrary “chronological scheme”, according to the rating system, adopted also in professional boxing. The athlete must conduct several rating fights. Depending on the number of fights and victories won, he receives an appropriate rating. A fighter with a high rating is declared a contender for the title of world champion in his weight category (according to the organization conducting the championship). Then a fight is held between the challenger and the current champion. If the applicant wins, he is declared the new world champion.

Special equipment was developed for kickboxing: gloves on the hands, shields on the legs, protectors on the feet (feet), helmet, mouth guards, and for kickboxers-girls also special protectors on the chest. (The gloves used in kickboxing were originally leather pads that left the athlete’s fingers free, which allowed for grabs and throws, but with the introduction of the prohibition, standard boxing gloves began to be used.) In amateur kickboxing, the use of protective equipment is mandatory. In professional kickboxer fights, only gloves, inguinal shells and mouth guards are required. They basically do not use helmets, and the “protection” for the legs is used by mutual agreement of the participants in the fight.

Kickboxing fights are held in the boxing ring. Men perform naked to the waist: in shorts or special pants, girls in T-shirts and shorts. Amateur fights are held in three rounds of two minutes. Rating fights of professionals, as a rule, last 6–8 rounds (two minutes each), fights for the champion title – 12 rounds.

HAKWONDO
HAKWONDO (Taekwondo), a modern Korean martial art created in the 1950s based on Japanese karate and traditional Korean martial arts. The main difference from karate is a large number of…

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SCORING
Points are awarded to wrestlers for performing tricks, counters, combinations and defenses: - A fighter receives one point for transferring an opponent to the ground; - Two points are awarded…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part 2)
BASIC STYLES. Radogora - a style of hand combat, which incorporates the technical and tactical achievements of the schools of the Slavic-Goritsky struggle and other Russian fighting styles. Hemline is…

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MIDDLE AGES
In the Middle Ages, wrestling as a sport ceases to exist. There was no place in the Christian world or in Islamic sport. But the struggle has not lost its…

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