FIGHT
FIGHT, one of the oldest sports, martial arts of two athletes according to certain rules with the help of special techniques. Unlike martial arts, in which percussion technique is allowed,…

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JUDO
JUDO (the "soft way"), one of the most famous Japanese martial arts, based mainly on grabs, creases and throws. Unlike most Western types of wrestling that rely on the wrestler’s…

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BOXING (part 3)
WEIGHT CATEGORIES. They were introduced about two hundred years ago. The currently accepted division into weight categories among amateurs and professionals diverges somewhat. Lovers have 12 categories, professionals have 17…

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BOXING (part 4)

AGE AND OTHER RESTRICTIONS.
In amateur boxing, there are age restrictions. Athletes no younger than 17 and no older than 34 years old can take part in international competitions held under the auspices of AIBA. Usually, by the age of 34, many boxers leave a big sport or become professionals. (By the way, you can’t go back to amateurs, even if age allows.)

Professionals do not have such restrictions, the only criterion is the physical condition of the boxer. George Foreman left boxing in 1977, but returned in 1980 at the age of 40. Two years later, having spent 24 fights during this time, he again became the world champion, knocking out in the 12th round of 25-year-old Michael Murrer. But this is rather a happy exception to the rule. Despite all the precautions and control by doctors, injuries in boxing, especially professional boxing, are quite common. The most common are nose fractures and dissection of the superciliary arches. Missed blows to the head, leading to a knockdown, and even more so to a knockout, is always a concussion. There are known cases of the death of boxers from a brain hemorrhage right in the ring. From frequent blows to the head, retinal detachment may begin. The consequences of once missed strikes can affect even after the boxer ended his sports career. So, the great Mohammed Ali who left the ring (before the adoption of Islam, he was named Cassius Clay) began to develop Parkinson’s disease.

During breaks between rounds, professionals are allowed to not only make lead lotions for bruises, but also lubricate their face with petroleum jelly, but amateurs are forbidden to use any “foreign substances”.

They are also forbidden to wear a beard (mustaches are acceptable, but of limited size), hair should not close their eyes. The professionals in this regard have no limits whatsoever.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE CLASSICAL FIGHT DURING THE SOVIET PERIOD
In 1924, the country's first classic wrestling championship was held - according to the new rules adopted in the USSR. Competitions were held in Kiev with the participation of 41…

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HISTORY OF SAMBO (part 2)
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATIONS. In 1984, the International Amateur Sambo Federation - FIAS was created (in 2001 it was renamed the World Sambo Federation - VFS). Its first president was the Spaniard…

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KARATE
KARATE, karate-do, a kind of Japanese martial art, a system of defense and attack without weapons. Unlike other martial arts in Japan (sumo, ju-jitsu, judo, aikido), which involve wrestling, holding…

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BOXING (part 2)
VICTORY IN THE FIGHT. The following outcomes are possible in a boxing match: a clear victory (knockout), a technical knockout, a victory on points, a victory behind a clear advantage,…

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