FURTHER FORMATION OF THE FIGHT AS A SPORT. FROM THE FRENCH TO THE GREECE-ROMAN FIGHT
Despite the fact that the church did not encourage sports, struggle for many centuries remained a favorite folk entertainment in many countries. The development of modern wrestling began in the…

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SCORING
Points are awarded to wrestlers for performing tricks, counters, combinations and defenses: - A fighter receives one point for transferring an opponent to the ground; - Two points are awarded…

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WOMEN'S FIGHT
In some countries, various types of women's wrestling began to be cultivated long before its official recognition. In the Soviet Union, it was born on the initiative of the Honored…

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HAKWONDO

HAKWONDO (Taekwondo), a modern Korean martial art created in the 1950s based on Japanese karate and traditional Korean martial arts. The main difference from karate is a large number of kicks. The name translated from Korean means “the path of the fist and legs.” See also KARATE.

HISTORY REFERENCE.

The history of Korean martial arts can be divided into two periods: before the Japanese occupation of Korea 1910–1945 and after it. What were the ancient martial arts mentioned in the Korean annals, such as, for example, Subak and Taekkuon, is hard to say now. During the 35 years of occupation, many traditions have been lost. After the Japanese left in 1945, a real boom in martial arts began in Korea. In most areas of hand-to-hand combat, the technique of Japanese martial arts was passed out as ancient Korean.

In 1953, Hwang Ki, the head of the Mudukkwan school, tried to combine these areas into a single organization – the Tansudo Korean Union (corr. “The Way of the Tang Hand”). However, the young lieutenant general Choi Hong Hee, a representative of the Odokwan school, went even further and proclaimed the idea of ​​merging schools and creating a single style.

In April 1955, at a congress of school principals Chandokwang, Sonmukwan and Odokwan, it was decided to name a new martial arts Taekwondo. In September 1961, the Korean Taekwondo Association appeared, and in February 1962 she became a participant in the competitions of the Korean Amateur Sports Association. In the 1960s, a tour of a group of taekwondo masters with demonstrations took place in the USA, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, countries of Western Europe and Canada. In 1963, a Taekwondo demonstration was held at UN headquarters.

Heading the Korean Taekwondo Association, Choi Hong Hee in 1966 created the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) and became its president. A year later, for political reasons, Choi Hong Hee left the Republic of Korea and moved the ITF headquarters to Toronto (Canada). Some of the leading instructors left with the general.
The taekwondo masters who remained at home received state support and in 1972 the Kukkivon Palace, the World Taekwondo Center, was opened in Seoul, where the first Taekwondo World Championship was held in 1973, and then the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) was founded, of which President was elected Kim Un-young. Since 1973, taekwondo has become part of the compulsory school curriculum in South Korea.

Choi Hong Hee and the ITF could not count on Seoul’s support, so they had to turn to Pyongyang for help. The ITF version of Taekwondo development has given the DPRK government about the same importance as the Republic of Korea government – the development of the WTF Taekwondo version. However, the financial support of taekwondo in North Korea left much to be desired. On the issues of redistribution of funds within the federation, conflicts arose, and as a result, a new split occurred. ITF headquarters moved from Toronto to Vienna, Austria, and the remaining masters in Canada established the Global Taekwondo Federation (GTF) in 1990, led by Park Jun Tae, until then chair of the ITF technical committee.

Meanwhile, the WTF leadership set the goal of turning Taekwondo into an Olympic sport. In September 1988, during the Olympic Games in Seoul, taekwondo was adopted as an indicative species, and in September 1994 at the assembly of the International Olympic Committee in Paris, Taekwondo WTF version was included in the program of the Olympic Games (since 2000).

SPORTS FIGHT IN MODERN RUSSIA
In 1993, the Russian Wrestling Federation was created, uniting freestyle and Greco-Roman style wrestlers. The Federation includes sports organizations of almost 80 constituent entities of the Russian Federation. President of…

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FIGHT IN ANCIENT RUSSIA
In Russia, wrestling has always been popular. Along with fist fights, it was both entertainment and a vital necessity: wars in Russia practically did not stop. The fight also had…

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MARTIAL ARTS (part 2)
SUMO. Of all types of Japanese martial arts, sumo has never been the art of warriors and from the very beginning was a combination of competition and Shinto rite. The…

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FROM THE HISTORY OF THE SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT
The origin of the Slavic martial arts schools dates back to about the 3rd – 2nd centuries. BC e. In Russia, fighting traditions have a long history. At the same…

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