MARTIAL ARTS (part 1)
MARTIAL ARTS, various martial arts and self-defense systems of predominantly East Asian origin; developed mainly as a means of conducting hand-to-hand combat. Currently practiced in many countries around the world…

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MIDDLE AGES
In the Middle Ages, wrestling as a sport ceases to exist. There was no place in the Christian world or in Islamic sport. But the struggle has not lost its…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part4)
PROHIBITED TECHNIQUES AND VIOLATIONS OF RULES. Limitations on permissible technical methods in the Slavic-Goritsky struggle are minimal and are associated mainly with the peculiarities of a particular style. So, in…

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ABOUT PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR STATUS IN SPORTS FIGHT

It is known that already in the IV century BC Macedonians and Romans had professional wrestlers who received remuneration for participating in sports. Nevertheless, the question of whom to consider as a professional and who as an amateur in sports in general and in wrestling in particular, remains open.

The first definition of professionalism in sports was given in 1868. Its meaning was that only those who do not make a living by physical labor can engage in amateur sports. This peculiar formulation sometimes led to funny things. For example, in 1914, the winner of the Russian amateur wrestling championship did not receive a gold medal, since he worked as a janitor, which means he was engaged in physical labor and, by definition, could not be considered an amateur. (If we follow this logic, then, say, the Soviet heavyweight wrestler Arsen Mekokishvili could also be deprived of the gold Olympic medal he won in 1952: in his “unsportsmanlike” life, he was engaged in growing grapes on a collective farm in Kakheti.)

A new formulation of amateur status was developed in the 30–40s. last century: if an athlete receives a reward for participating in training and competitions, he is a professional; if not, an amateur. Later, several more definitions were proposed, including the wording on which the athlete’s professional status was determined by the presence of an appropriate contract.

The wrestlers receive financial rewards for their performances, but professional wrestling, as such, by analogy with professional boxing, does not currently exist. What is usually called “professional wrestling” (or wrestling), in fact, is a sports show in which there is no competitive moment, although fights are held as part of the “world championships”.

Not so long ago, another form of competition emerged: fights without rules, or “absolute fights” – a modern interpretation of the Greek pankration. Representatives of any martial arts can take part in them, and the prize fund is several hundred thousand dollars. Wrestlers initially had an advantage in “absolute fights” and often won. For example, Jujitsu master Huas Gracie, a 3-time world champion in martial arts, the US heavyweight champion in freestyle wrestling, Daniel Severn, a 2-time champion, world sambo champion Oleg Taktarov, also became the champion in “absolute fights”. But fighting without rules is still not a fight in its purest form, and wrestling equipment in them is only one of the components of the training of a universal fighter.

WOMEN'S FIGHT
In some countries, various types of women's wrestling began to be cultivated long before its official recognition. In the Soviet Union, it was born on the initiative of the Honored…

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FIGHT IN PRE-REVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA
The development of modern struggle in Russia began at the end of the 19th century. Until the 80s she was fond of only single enthusiasts. In 1885, on the initiative…

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TECHNIQUE, PREPARATION AND FIGHTS IN MUAI-THAI.
Muay Thai is considered one of the toughest martial arts. His technique allows for equally successful combat at long, medium and close range. But the most dangerous Muay Thai fighters…

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PREPARATION OF Wrestlers
Fights fights are fleeting. To win the duel, good speed and strength qualities, endurance to muscle loads with a large difference in intensity are necessary. A skilled wrestler is distinguished…

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