DEFINITION OF THE WINNER IN THE FIGHT
Victory in both types of wrestling is counted in the following cases: a clear victory - awarded ahead of schedule when fixing the opponent’s shoulder blades on the carpet (carcass…

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SLAVIC-GORITSKAYA FIGHT (part5)
Blade fight. It starts from the position of the connected knives in the arms of the rivals stretched forward by the command of the field judge: "Kon!" The judge must…

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CAPOEIRA
CAPOEIRA, a type of martial art. The birthplace of capoeira is Brazil. A distinctive feature of capoeira is the abundance of the most complex acrobatic elements, deceptive movements, dives, withdrawals,…

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ABOUT PROFESSIONAL AND AMATEUR STATUS IN SPORTS FIGHT

It is known that already in the IV century BC Macedonians and Romans had professional wrestlers who received remuneration for participating in sports. Nevertheless, the question of whom to consider as a professional and who as an amateur in sports in general and in wrestling in particular, remains open.

The first definition of professionalism in sports was given in 1868. Its meaning was that only those who do not make a living by physical labor can engage in amateur sports. This peculiar formulation sometimes led to funny things. For example, in 1914, the winner of the Russian amateur wrestling championship did not receive a gold medal, since he worked as a janitor, which means he was engaged in physical labor and, by definition, could not be considered an amateur. (If we follow this logic, then, say, the Soviet heavyweight wrestler Arsen Mekokishvili could also be deprived of the gold Olympic medal he won in 1952: in his “unsportsmanlike” life, he was engaged in growing grapes on a collective farm in Kakheti.)

A new formulation of amateur status was developed in the 30–40s. last century: if an athlete receives a reward for participating in training and competitions, he is a professional; if not, an amateur. Later, several more definitions were proposed, including the wording on which the athlete’s professional status was determined by the presence of an appropriate contract.

The wrestlers receive financial rewards for their performances, but professional wrestling, as such, by analogy with professional boxing, does not currently exist. What is usually called “professional wrestling” (or wrestling), in fact, is a sports show in which there is no competitive moment, although fights are held as part of the “world championships”.

Not so long ago, another form of competition emerged: fights without rules, or “absolute fights” – a modern interpretation of the Greek pankration. Representatives of any martial arts can take part in them, and the prize fund is several hundred thousand dollars. Wrestlers initially had an advantage in “absolute fights” and often won. For example, Jujitsu master Huas Gracie, a 3-time world champion in martial arts, the US heavyweight champion in freestyle wrestling, Daniel Severn, a 2-time champion, world sambo champion Oleg Taktarov, also became the champion in “absolute fights”. But fighting without rules is still not a fight in its purest form, and wrestling equipment in them is only one of the components of the training of a universal fighter.

KICKBOXING (part1)
KICKBOXING (from the English. “Kick” - kick and “boxing” - boxing), a sport based on martial arts: karate, taekwondo, Muay Thai (Thai boxing), Wushu and English boxing. According to the…

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HISTORY OF SPORTS FIGHT
There are several theories about the origin of wrestling as part of human culture. In some, wrestling is seen as an element of a religious cult (see below the “bear…

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KICKBOXING (part 2)
RULES AND COMPETITIONS. In the beginning, kickboxing rules did not exist as such. Any punches and kicks, sweeps, steps, grabs and throws were allowed. There was also no division into…

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INTERNATIONAL AMATEUR FIGHT FEDERATION
In 1912 an international committee was created to organize wrestling competitions. In 1921, the committee was transformed into the International Amateur Wrestling Federation - FILA. Today, FILA, uniting representatives of…

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