CAPOEIRA TODAY
Modern capoeira, in the form in which it was presented to a wide audience, consists of two main styles: Angola and regional. Angola is characterized by slow, “viscous” movements that…

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KICKBOXING (part1)
KICKBOXING (from the English. “Kick” - kick and “boxing” - boxing), a sport based on martial arts: karate, taekwondo, Muay Thai (Thai boxing), Wushu and English boxing. According to the…

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BOXING (part 1)
BOXING (eng. “Boxing”, from “box” - “beat with a fist, box”), a kind of martial arts, fisticuffs according to certain rules on a special platform (ring). Compliance with the rules…

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MIDDLE AGES

In the Middle Ages, wrestling as a sport ceases to exist. There was no place in the Christian world or in Islamic sport. But the struggle has not lost its applied significance. She belonged to the “7 virtues of a knight.” Wrestling fights were also common among peasants and citizens who were forbidden to carry weapons. The fact that the struggle at that time was popular among the people, is evidenced by monuments of architecture and fine art in different parts of the world. For example, the bas-reliefs of the temple in the ancient capital of Armenia, Ani (11th century), depict a harvest festival, an integral part of which was the struggle of wrestlers in animal skins. Many references to the struggle can be found in literary sources, for example, in the Scandinavian Saga of Grittir, whose protagonist confronts opponents armed with swords without weapons. With the help of wrestling techniques, Grittir disarms enemies and, having seized their weapons, kills. And the famous Icelandic wrestling of glima has survived to the present day.

Hand-to-hand combat with fighting techniques existed in England even before the Norman invasion. Since the XII century, the so-called “Cornish struggle” and “Northumberland struggle.” True, contrary to the names, they are not a pure struggle, since they contain in their arsenal not only wrestling equipment, but also percussion. In the future, the struggle took shape in an independent sport and began to develop in England parallel to boxing. Distribution was taught at once by several types of wrestling: “ketch gold”, “ketch the ketch ken”, “old free wrestling”.

One of the first textbooks, “The Art of Wrestling,” written by Fabian von Auerswald, was published in 1539. The main content of the book is recommendations on the development of protective skills that could be applied “if necessary.”

In the Middle Ages, many national forms of struggle also arose.

CAPOEIRA TODAY
Modern capoeira, in the form in which it was presented to a wide audience, consists of two main styles: Angola and regional. Angola is characterized by slow, “viscous” movements that…

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PREPARATION IN AIKIDO
The suit for aikido classes consists of a cotton jacket, pants and a belt. The color of the belt, just like in judo and karate, determines the level of aikido…

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PASSIVE WRESTLING
In order to stimulate the active actions of wrestlers, a rule was introduced at the time according to which athletes were punished with penalty points for passive wrestling. Currently, this…

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HISTORY OF SAMBO (part 1)
ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF SAMBO. Sambo is based on the techniques and technical elements of many national types of wrestling of the peoples of the USSR (Uzbek kurash, Georgian chidaoba,…

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