FIGHT, one of the oldest sports, martial arts of two athletes according to certain rules with the help of special techniques. Unlike martial arts, in which percussion technique is allowed, in the fight the fight is held not only in the stance, but also in the stalls (when one of the wrestlers is on his knees, lies on his chest, on his side, etc.). The goal of a wrestling match is to force the opponent to touch the carpet with both shoulder blades and keep him in this position for at least 2 seconds. If none of the opponents succeeds during the bout, the winner is the athlete who scores the most points for successfully completed techniques.
Modern wrestling is divided into freestyle and Greco-Roman (classical). Sambo wrestling, judo, as well as various types of national wrestling, cultivated in many countries of the world, are related to them.
Freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling are included in the Olympic program.
Wrestling exercises develop strength, endurance, dexterity, quick reaction, coordination of movements and a sense of balance.
At its core, Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling are close to each other. But in Greco-Roman wrestling, unlike the free-style wrestling, any grabs below the waist are prohibited, as well as impacts on the opponent’s legs with legs, such as locks, steps, etc.
If in the past there were many athletes (such as, for example, three-time Olympic champion Swede Ivar Johansson) who successfully performed in both types of wrestling, now such a “combination” has become impossible. Not only due to the technical specifics of different fighting styles, but also for organizational reasons. The International Amateur Wrestling Federation (see below) holds world championships and continental championships in Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling as separate competitions – at about the same time, but in different countries. According to the leadership of the Federation, this is done in order to preserve the “purity of style” and the further development of wrestling as a sports discipline.